The council’s cyber statecraft initiative released a report Monday, urging NATO to improve its cyber infrastructure and policies immediately.
NATO is already working to mature its cyber capabilities and created the Cyber Defense Policy and Action Plan in June 2011, the report said.
“It must continue that effort to repeatedly update and reinvent its cyber policies and capabilities,” wrote Jason Healey, director of the Atlantic Council’s cyber statecraft initiative.
The report also recommends NATO develop standards and minimum levels of cybersecurity for NATO member states and collaborate with the private sector.
NATO should also elevate cybersecurity as a matter of national security than a technical issue, the authors said.
Healey said NATO must first improve its infrastructures before it can protect member states.
NextGov reports NATO initiated the cyber defense program in 2002 after NATO forces tried to force Serb soldiers away from Kosovo in 1999.
Following this event, the amount of cyber attacks increased, according to NextGov.